English L.L. Preliminary Paper

Q1. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.
We have not wings - we cannot soar-
But we have feet to scale and climb
By slow degrees - by more and more -
The cloudy summits of our time.
The mighty pyramids of stone
That wedge - like cleave the desert airs,
When nearer seen and better known,
Are but gigantic flights of stairs.
The distant mountains, that uprear
Their frowning foreheads to the skies,
Are crossed by pathways, that appear
As we to higher levels rise.
The heights by great men reached and kept,
Were not attained by sudden flight;
But they, while their companions slept,
Were toiling upward in the night.
1.    Why can't we fly?
2.    What can we use our feet for?
3.    What are pyramids actually?
4.    How do pyramids appear(look like) from a distance?
5.    Which word in this stanza means 'Fly'
6.    What are the mountains crossed by?
7.    Explain the figure of speech:
………their frowning foreheads to the skies.

Q2. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.
When I was seven years old, I overheard my mother tell one of her friends that the following day was to be her 30th birthday. Two things occurred to me when I heard that: one, I had never before realized that my mother had a birthday; and two, I could not recall her ever getting the birthday present.
         Well, I could do something about that. I went into my bedroom opened piggy bank and took out all the money that was inside: five nickels. That represented five weeks' worth of my allowance. Then I walked to the little store around the corner from my house, and I told the proprietor, Mr. Sawyer, that I wanted buy a birthday present for my mother.
         He showed me everything in his store that could be had for a quarter. There were several ceramic figurines. My mother would have loved those, but she already had a house full of them and I was the one who had to dust them once a week. They definitely would not do. There were also some small boxes of candy. My mother was diabetic, so I knew they would not be appropriate.
         The last thing Mr. Sawyer showed me was a package of bobby pins. My mother had beautiful long black hair and twice a week she washed and pin curled it. When she took the pincurls down next day, she looked just like a movie star with those long dark curls cascading around her shoulders. So I decided those bobby pins would be the perfect gift for my mother. I gave Mr. Sawyer my five nickels, and he gave me the bobby pins.
1.     State whether the following statements are true or false.
a.       Linda was seven years old when her mother was fifty years old.
b.      Linda did not give her mother a box of candy as a birthday present because her mother was suffering from diabetes.
c.       Linda had saved money for five weeks.
d.      A box candy cost a nickel.
2.     Who was the proprietor of the little store?
3.     Who dusted the figurines in the house once a week?
4.     How old was the writer?
5.     What can you learn from the text?
6.     How would you help your mother in her old age?

Q3. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.
         Whatever we do let’s try to do better. Our actions, our words, whatever it is, let us try to make them better and better. Success they say is a journey and not a destination. We can say, progress also is a journey and not a destination. Therefore, we need not feel complacent that we are doing fine. We must constantly be on the look for better performance.
         If I want to thank someone I can say, “Thanks”. But suppose I say, “Thanks a lot,” wouldn’t it be better? Depending upon the time and the situation, we can try and improve this even further and say, “I am very grateful to you” or “you’ve been of great help. I thank you from the bottom of my heart!” and so on.
         This is a simple case of expressing gratitude. But when we think a little more, we can learn to do or say things in a better way by giving some thought to our action or speech. I had an appointment with a person, who was senior to me in our erstwhile company. I was a bit late and trying to make amends I said, “I'm sorry I made you wait.” “Oh! It’s Ok,” he said and added, “It’s a pleasure waiting for you.” I felt flattered. One might argue that the other person might have said it without any thinking. Even then I would say that I like to hear such statement unless, of course, they were said sarcastically.
1.     What should we try to make better and better?
2.     What must we be constantly on the lookout for?
3.     Which statement did the writer say he liked to hear?
4.     Write from the passage the different ways of expressing thankfulness.
5.     What do you think, is the purpose of the text?

Q4. Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.
The success of the strategic missile launches and nuclear devices made people, especially those in the government, realise that Dr. Kalam had a golden touch. There was growing feeling everywhere that India’s advances in the aerospace sector were mainly due to the efforts of Dr. Kalam. The community of scientists and intelligentsia in the country knew the work of this visionary and they expressed the view that Kalam’s services should be utilised further. The Government also felt the need to make use of his talent and expertise to harness technology for transforming Indian Society.
      The Government offered him the post of Principal Scientific Adviser in November 1999. Even earlier, during the Pokhran tests period, he was serving simultaneously as the Chairman of TIFAC (Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council), an autonomous body under the Department of Technology. The major task of TIFAC was to look ahead to the advances in technologies worldwide and to keep India abreast of the changing times. In its tasks TIFAC networked with the government, industries, scientific and technological organisations, as well as financial institutions, and intellectuals.
1.     What was a growing feeling everywhere about India's advances in the aerospace sector?
2.     What made people realise that Dr. Kalam had a golden touch?
3.     How did the government utilise Dr Kalam's services?
4.     When did the government offer Dr Kalam the post of Principal Scientific adviser?
5.     What is TIFAC?
6.     What are the most admirable qualities of Dr. Kalam?

Q5. Write ten lines about Myself.

Q6. Write an essay about Mumbai city.

Q7. Develop a story with the help of the points below. Suggest a suitable title:

Ajay and Vijay – look alike – a man complains – Vijay has stolen mangoes – father scolds Vijay- Vijay denies – Ajay inside the house – comes out – the man surprised and confused – all laugh.

Q8. There has been a continuous power failure in your town. Write a letter to the editor of the local newspaper drawing his attention to the problems.

You may use the following points.

-         The area where you live
-         Increase in load shedding
-         Personal and social problems because of irregular power supply
-         Request to publish the letter of complaint
-         Add you ideas if necessary.