ACCOUNTS QUESTION PAPER WITH SOLUTIONS FOR HSC



Omtex classes
i st  PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
BOOK KEEPING & ACCOUNTANCY
GROUP: b
TIME: - 3 HRS
DATE: - 16.07.2011
DAY - tuesday
MARKS: -100
Q1. Attempt any four of the following.                                            (20 marks)
  1. Answer in one sentence each.                                                                        (5 marks)
1.      Which types of expenses are debited to trading account?
Ans. The direct expenses related to purchase of goods are debited to trading account.
2.      What is Reserve Fund?
Ans. Reserve fund is the accumulated profit which is kept a side as a reserve to serve the firm for the future needs.
3.      Who is an endorser?
Ans. A person who endorses the ownership of the bill he is known as endorser.
4.      What is goodwill?
Ans. Goodwill is the monetary value of the business expressed in terms of money.
5.      Why is Joint Bank Account opened?
Ans. Joint bank account is opened to record the coventurers bank transaction relation to the joint venture business. 
  1. Write the word/term/phrase which can substitute each of the following statement: (5 marks)
1.      A statement showing financial position of the business.
Ans. Balance sheet
2.      Making the payment of bill before its due date.
Ans. Retirement of the bill of exchange
3.      List of debit and credit balances of the ledger accounts.  
Ans. Trial balance
4.      The relationship between persons who have agreed to share profit or loss in Joint Venture Business.
Ans. coventurers
5.      A Partner who only lends his name to the firm. 
Ans. Nominal partner
  1. Match the following pairs.                                                                 (5 marks)
Group A
Group B
1.      Partnership deed
2.      Fixed capital method.
3.      Unexpired expenses
4.      Temporary Partnership
5.      Pure Single Entry System 
  1. Written agreement between the partners
  2.  Current a/c of partners
  3. Assets
  4. Joint venture
  5. Only personal account

  1. Select the most appropriate alternative from hose given below each statement.  (5 marks)
1.      Reserve for discount on ______________ has a debit balance. 
a.      Debtors
b.    Creditors
c.       Bills Receivable
d.      Loan advanced.
2.      Income Statements and Balance Sheet are prepared in a systematic and scientific manner under ________________
a.    Double Entry System.
b.      Single Entry System
c.       Partial Entry System.
d.      Indian System.
3.      Before accepting a bill, it is called a _________
a.      Note
b.    Draft
c.       Hundi
d.      Request.
4.      Valuation of goodwill depends upon ________ capacity of business. 
a.      Normal
b.      Repaying
c.     Earning
d.      Capital
5.      If two or more persons come together to carry on a business activity for a short period, it is known as ___________
a.    Joint venture
b.      Consignment
c.       Partnership
d.      Stock exchange
  1. State with reason whether the following statements are true of false.        (5 marks)
1.      Scrap value of asset reduces the amount of annual depreciation.
Ans. The above statement is true because of the following reasons.
i.                    When we calculate the depreciation amount the expected scrap value of the asset is reduced from the total cost of the assets.
ii.                  Therefore, the total amount of depreciation per annum will also be get reduced.
2.      When the amount of the bill is paid on the due date, it is said to be retired. 
Ans. The above statement is false because of the following reasons.
i.                    When the amount of the bill is paid on the due date, then it is called as honour of the bill of exchange.
ii.                  When the amount of the bill is paid before the due date, then it is called as retirement of the bill of exchange.
  1. Prepare bill of exchange from the following details.    (5 marks)
           Drawer -                                   Shekhar Desai, Shastri Road, Mahad.           
Drawee –                                   Sharad Verma, Narayan Peth, Pune.    
Amount -                                    Rs. 3500/-
Period -                                      3 months.
Payee -                           Mukund Pande, Panvel
Date of Bill Drawn –      21st June, 2007
Date of Acceptance -     23rd June, 2007





Q2. On 1st April, 2004 Saikripa enterprises purchased two computers of Rs. 40,000 each. On 1st October, 2004 they purchased one more computer for Rs. 40,000. On 1st October, 2006 they sold one of the computers, which was purchased on 1st April, 2004 for Rs. 18780.
Depreciation on computers was provided @ 10% p.a. on Diminishing Balance Method and the financial year closes on 31st March every year.
Prepare: computer A/c and Depreciation A/c for years 2004 – 2005, 2005 – 2006, 2006 – 2007. (September, 2008 board exam question)

Ans.

M/s Saikripa enterprises
Computer Account.
Date
Particulars
J
F
Amount
Date
Particulars
J
F
Amount
1.4.2004
To cash / bank a/c

40000
31.3.2005
By Depreciation a/c

10000
1.4.2004
To cash/ bank a/c

40000




1.10.2004
To cash/ bank a/c

40000
31.3.2005
By Balance c/d

110000



120000



120000
1.4.2005
To balance b/d

110000
31.3.2006
By depreciation a/c

11000




31.3.2006
By balance c/d

99000



110000



110000
1.4.2006
To balance b/d

99000
1.10.2006
By depreciation a/c

1620




1.10.2006
By cash/ bank a/c
[Machinery sold]

18780




1.10.2006
By profit / loss a/c
[ loss on machinery sold]

12000




31.3.2007
By depreciation a/c

6660




31.3.2007
59940

49500



99000



99000
1.4.2007
To balance b/d

59940




Depreciation account
Date
Particulars
J
F
Amount
Date
Particulars
J
F
Amount
31..3.2005
To machinery a/c

10000
31.3.2005
By profit / loss a/c

10000



10000



10000








31.3.2006
To Machinery a/c

11000
31.3.2006
By profit/ loss a/c

11000



11000



11000
1.10.2006
To Machinery a/c

1620




31.3.2007
To Machinery a/c

6660
31.3.1999
By profit / loss a/c
(balancing figure)

8280



8280



8280
OR

Q2. (A) For the purpose of valuation of goodwill it was agreed to consider net profits of the last 4 years and goodwill is to be calculated at one year’s purchase of average net profits of last 4 years. The profits were
IST YEAR
IIND YEAR
IIIRD YEAR
IVTH YEAR
Rs. 80,000
Rs. 90,000
Rs. 1,05,000
Rs. 1,10,000

Ans.


&;



Q2. (B) Explain the importance of computer in modern age.  

Ans.
Today computers are put to a variety of uses. They have been designed with highly improved performances. Computers can be used to process voluminous data at a high speed. As regards its application in the field of accounting, a computer should be able to deal with routine accounting. It means all normal accounting processes such as financial transactions should be dealt with the use of a computer. All cash and bank transactions, handling of accounts of debtors and creditors and calculation of wages and salaries etc should be handled with the use of computer. In addition, computers can be put to other popular uses such as production, programming and control, flexible budgetary control, variance analysis, sales and forward trends etc.
            Following points explain the importance of computer in modern age.

SPEED  - In the modern world, the desire of a man to complete tasks within the stipulated time limits has been, to a large extent, fulfilled by using a computer. Computers enable us to do arithmetical computations with a high degree of speed and ease. It has enables us to do things, which would have been almost impossible earlier. The speed which computers functions are measured in Pico seconds (1/1000 of Nano – second). Thus, computers are capable of making millions of computations per second. Hence, a powerful computer is capable of completing the tasks in less than an hour, which could have taken a year for a group of people to compute.

ACCURACY: - Computers are not only fast in completing a job at a great speed, but it is also performed with a high degree of accuracy. Sometimes, it is common to say that there is a “Computer error”. As a matter of fact, it is “Human error” and not a “Computer error” since a computer carries out the instructions efficiently given by the programmer. As such, if the instructions are faulty, the errors creep in the computer’s output.

DILIGENCE: - By doing similar job continuously, human beings get tired which results into some mistakes. As against this, a computer is capable of doing the same job continuously error free. A computer takes the same time to complete the first calculation as well as the 10000th calculation. Thus, the degree of diligence possessed by a computer is impossible in case the same job is done by human beings.

STORAGE: - Another advantage offered by a computer is that of its enormous capability to store data. A computer is capable of storing data along with the instructions given by the programmer in the primary (main) memory. In case, the primary memory is not sufficient it can be stored in its secondary (auxiliary) memory. There are various devices used for storing the secondary memory. Some of the common devices used in secondary memory are Compact Disks, Tapes, Drums, pen Drives etc. Having large capacity to store data.

VERSATILITY: - A computer possesses great versatility, which is capable of performing arithmetic calculations, logic operation of comparison and moving data within different sections of the computer and in input and output operations. Although, a computer lacks a brain of its own, it can be put to a varied uses such as preparation of mark – lists, financial accounting, share analysis etc.

MISCELLANEOUS: - In addition to the above – mentioned advantages, a computer can offer economies in the form of effective managerial control, saving in labour cost because it is fully automatic.




Q3. Anjali of Nagpur sold goods worth Rs. 25,000 to Rupali of Amaravati. On next day Ruapali paid Rs. 10,000 in cash and accepted two months bill for the balance drawn by Anjali. Anjali discounted the bill at 12% p.a. with her bank. Before due date, Rupali finds herself unable to make payment of the bill; and requests Anjali to renew it. Anjali accepts the proposal on the condition that Rupali should pay Rs. 5,000 in cash and accept new bill for one month along with interest Rs. 200 for the balance. These arrangements were carried through. The new bill was met on due date. Give journal entries in the books of Anjali.
Journal of Anjali
Date
Particulars
L
F
Debit
Credit
? 1
Rupali’s A/c………Dr.
  To Sales A/c
(Being the goods are sold)

25000

25000
2
Cash / bank a/c ………Dr
Bills Receivable A/c ……… Dr.
    To Rupali’s A/c
(Being the part payment is made and bill is drawn)

10000
15000


25000
3
Cash/ Bank A/c ……… Dr.
Discount A/c ………… Dr.
  To Bills Receivable A/c
(being the bill is discounted)

14700
300


15000
4
Rupali’s A/c ……… Dr
  To Cash/Bank A/c
(being the bill is dishonored)

15000

15000
5
Cash/ bank a/c………… Dr
 To Rupali’s A/c
(being the part payment is made)

5000

5000
6
Rupali’s A/c ……… Dr.
  To Interest a/c
(being the interest is charged on balance amount)

200

200
7
Bills Receivable A/c ………… Dr.
  To Rupali’s A/c
(being the new bill is drawn along with interest)

10200

10200
8
Cash/ bank a/c ……… Dr.
 To Bills receivable a/c
(being the new bill is honored)

10200

10200

OR

Q3. Journalize the following transactions in the books of M/s Tirupati:
1.      Kailas informed Tirupati that Ameet’s acceptance for Rs. 1,000/- endorsed to him, has been dishonoured. Noting Charged amounted Rs. 40/-.
2.      Vilas renews his acceptance to Tirupati for Rs. 800/- by paying Rs. 400/- in cash and accepting a fresh bill for the balance plus interest at 12% p.a. for 3 months.
3.      Kalpana’s acceptance to tirupati for Rs. 6,000 retired one month before due date at a discount of 10% p.a.
4.      Bank informs Tirupati the dishonor of Kavita’s acceptance of Rs. 2,500 discounted with Bank. Noting charges Rs. 50/-.
Journal entries in the books of Tirupati
Date
Particulars
L
F
Debit
Credit
a
Amit’s’s A/c ……… Dr.
  To Kailas’s’s
(being the endorsed bill is dishonored along with noting charges)

1040

1040
b  i. 
Vila’s A/c ……… Dr.
  To Bills Receivable a/c
(being the bill is dishonored)

800

800
ii.
Cash / bank a/c ……… Dr.
 To Vila’s a/c
(being the part payment is made)

400


400
iii.
Vila’s A/c ……… Dr.
To Interest A/c
(being the interest is charged on balance amount)

12

12
iv.
Bills receivable a/c ……… Dr.
To Vila’s A/c
(being the new bill is drawn along with interest)

412

412
c
Cash/ bank a/c ……… Dr.
Rebate’s A/c ……… Dr.
  To Bill’s Receivable A/c
(being the bill is retired)

5950
50


6000
d
Kavita’s A/c ………… Dr.
 To Cash/ bank A/c
(bein the discounted bill is dishonored along with noting charges)

2550

2550

Q4. Harsha and Varsha entered into a joint venture to buy and sell computers and share the profit or loss in the proportion of 2:1 respectively. Harsha purchased 10 computers @ Rs. 40000 each and paid Rs. 12,000 for transport charges, insurance charges, etc. Varsha bought 8 computers @ 42000 each and spent Rs. 10000 on freight and insurance. Harsha sold 8 computers @ 48,000 each and paid selling expenses Rs. 2000 and took over one computer at an agreed price of Rs. 32000 for personal use. Remaining computer were sold by varsha @ Rs. 45000 each and spent Rs. 2500 on miscellaneous expenses. The co – ventures closed their venture and settled their accounts. Prepare the Joint venture A/c  and the co – venture’s account in the books of Harsha.

In the books of Harsha
Joint venture account
Particulars
Amount
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Amount
To Goods a/c
To cash / bank account
To Varsha’s account
To Varsha’s Account
To Cash/ Bank account
To Varsha’s Account
To profit on joint venture transferred to
 Profit / loss A/c
Varsha’s account







39000
19500
400000
12000
336000
10000
2000
2500


58500
By Cash / bank a/c
By varsha’s a/c
By cash /bank a/c


384000
405000
32000



821000


821000

Varsha’s Account
Particulars
Amount
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Amount
To Joint venture a/c

405000
By Joint venture a/c
By Joint venture a/c
By Joint venture a/c
By Joint venture a/c
(profit)
By cash/ bank a/c
(balancing figure)

336000
10000
2500
19500

37000


46000


46000





Q5. Following is the records of Mr. Raj were kept on single entry system. ( March 2009 board exam questions)
Particulars
31.3.2006
31.3.2007
Stock
Furniture
Plant and machinery
Loan taken
Bank balance
Debtors
Creditors
15000
53500
42500
21000
1900
43000
18000
14000
44000
55500
21000
2100
35000
14900

Mr. Raj invested Rs. 4000 in the business. Also he had withdrawn Rs. 15000 for his private expenses from business. Rs. 500 to be provided for bad debts. Depreciate plant and machinery @5% and furniture @ 5%.
Prepare : (1) statement of affairs as on 31.3.2006. (2) statement of affairs as on 31.3.2007. (3) statement of profit and loss for the year ended on 31.3.2007.
In the books of Mr. Raj
Statement of affairs as on 31st March, 2006
Liabilities
Amount
Assets
Amount
Loan taken
Creditors
Capital at the beginning of the year
21000
18000
116900
Stock
Furniture
Plant and machinery
Bank balance
Debtors
15000
53500
42500
1900
43000

155900

155900
Statement of affairs as on 31st March, 2007
Liabilities
Amount
Assets
Amount
Loan taken
Creditors
Capital at the end of the year
21000
14900
114700
Stock
Furniture
Plant and machinery
Bank balance
Debtors
14000
44000
55500
2100
35000

150600

150600
Statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31st March, 2007
Particulars
Amount
Capital at the end of the year
114700
Add: Drawings
15000

Less: Additional capital introduced
129700
(4000)

Less: Capital at the beginning of the year
125700
(116900)
Gross profit

Less: Depreciation
On Machinery = (55000)(5/100)(12/12) = 2775
On Furniture  = (44000)(5/100)(12/12) = 2200
8800



(4975)

less: Bad debts
3825
(500)
Net Profit          
3325




Q6. Ashok, kishor and Anup undertook the construction of office building at a contract price of Rs. 10,00,000. The contract price is to be received in cash Rs. 6,00,000 and Rs. 4,00,000 in shares of that company.
They opened a Joint bank account and contributed the following amounts: Ashok – Rs. 3,00,000, Kishor – Rs. 3,00,000 and Anup Rs. 2,00,000. Ashok pays Rs. 10,000 towards an Architect’s fee, Kishor brings into the venture mixer of Rs. 25,000. Anup brings into venture a truck worth Rs. 55,000.
The following transactions were made from the joint bank account
1.      Purchase of material Rs. 4,50,000.
2.      Payment of wages Rs. 1,50,000.
3.      Purchase of plant Rs. 30,000.
At the close of the venture. Ashok took over the unused material worth Rs. 8,000. Kishor took back the mixer worth Rs. 15,000. Anup took back truck worth Rs. 35,000. The scrap value of plant realised Rs. 6,000.
The contract price was received as agreed and Kishor took over shares at a value of Rs. 4,10,000.
Prepare : (1) Joint venture account (2) Joint bank account (3) Co – venturer’s account. (October 2006 , board exam questions)
In the books of Joint venture
Joint venture account
Particulars
Amount
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Amount
To Join bank a/c
Materials
Wages
Plant
To Ashok’s A/c
(architect fees)
To Kishor’s A/c
(venture mixture)
To Anup’s A/c
(truck)
To profit on joint venture transferred to
Ashok
Kishor
Anup

450000
150000
30000








118000
118000
118000



630000
10000

25000


55000




354000
By Joint Bank a/c
(contract price)
By Shares a/c
(contract price)
By joint bank a/c
(plant sold)
By Ashok’s A/c
(Materials taken over)
By Kishor’s A/c
(Mixer taken over)
By Anup’s A/c
(truck taken over)(

600000

400000

6000

8000


15000

35000

1074000


1074000


CO – VENTURERS’ ACCOUNT
Particulars
Ashok
Kishor
Anup
Particulars
Ashok
Kishor
Anup
To Joint venture a/c
To shares a/c
To joint bank a/c
8000

420000
15000
410000
18000
35000

338000
By joint bank a/c
By joint venture A/c
By joint venture A/c

300000
10000
118000
300000
25000
118000
200000
55000
118000
428000
443000
373000
428000
443000
373000

Joint Bank A/c
Particulars
Amount
Particulars
Amount
To Ashok’s A/c
To Kishor’s A/c
To Anup’s A/c
To joint venture A/c
To Joint Venture A/c

300000
300000
200000
6000
600000
By joint venture a/c
By Ashok’s A/c
By Kishor’s A/c
By Anup’s A/c
630000
420000
18000
338000
1406000
1406000

Shares A/c
Particulars
Amount
Particulars
Amount
To Joint venture A/c
To Joint venture a/c
(Bal. Fig.)
400000
10000
By Kishor’s A/c

410000
410000
410000

Q7. Following is the Trial Balance of Kalavati and Lilavati as on 31st March, 2005 who share profits and losses in the ration of 3:2. Interest on capital was allowed @5% p.a.
Trial balance as on 31st March, 2005
Particulars
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Opening stock
Sundry debtors
Purchases
Wages
Salaries
Office expenses
Discount
Rent, rates and taxes
Plant and machinery
Return inwards
Land and buildings
Cash at bank
Current account :Kalavati
Lilavati
Government bonds
10000
14100
20000
4250
1350
1223
650
900
15000
1750
32000
4327
2100
600
3000
Return outwards
Sundry creditors
Sales
R.D.D.
Capital accounts : Kalavati
Lilavati
Loan @ 9% p.a. (taken on 1-10-2004)
Bills payable
1250
15800
35000
200
35000
10000
2000
12000

1,11,250

1,11,250
 Additional information:

1.      Closing stock was valued at Rs. 20,500.
2.      Unpaid wages Rs. 750; outstanding salary Rs. 657.
3.      Write off Rs. 100 as bad debts and provide R.D.D. at 5% on debtors.
4.      Provide depreciation and plant and machinery at 10% p.a. and on Land and building at 5% p.a.
5.      Rent, Rates & Taxes were prepaid Rs. 100.
6.      Bills payable included a dishonoured bill of Rs. 3000.
Prepare Trading account and profit and loss account for the year ending 31st March, 2005 and a balance sheet as on that date.  (October 2006 board exam questions.)




In the books of Kalavati & Lilavati
Trading account for the year ended 31st March, 2005.
Particulars
Amount
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Amount
To opening stock
To purchases
(-)return
To wages
(+) outstanding
To Gross profit c/d

20000
(1250)
4250
750

10000

18750

5000
20000
By sales
(-) return
By closing stock
35000
(1750)

33250
20500




53750


53750
Profit and loss account for the year ended 31st March, 2005
Particulars
Amount
Amount
Particulars
Amount
Amount
To Salaries
(+) outstanding
To Office expenses
To discount
To rent, rates & taxes
(-) prepaid
To Bad debts
(+) FBD
(+) NRDD
(-) ORDD
TO Depreciation
Plant & machinery
Land & buildings
To interest on loan
To interest on capital
Kalavati
Lilavati
To current a/c
Kalavati
Lilavati
1350
657


900
100
-----
100
700
200

1500
1600


1750
500

5568
3712


2007
1223
650

800



600


3100
90


2250


9280
By gross profit b/d


20000


20000


20000

Partners’ current accounts
Particulars
Kalavati
Lilavati
Particulars
Kalavati
Lilavati
To balance b/d
To balance c/d
2100
5218
600
3612
By interest on capital
1750
5568
500
3712
7318
4212
7318
4212




Balance sheet as on 31st March, 2005
Liabilities
Rs.
Rs.
Assets
Rs.
Rs.
Capital account
Kalavati
Lilavati
Current account
Kalavati
Lilavati
Sundry creditors
(+) bills payable dishonoured
Bills payable
(-) bills payable dishonoured
Outstanding
Salaries
Wages
Load @ 9%
(+) interest


35000
10000

5218
3612
15800
3000
12000
3000

657
750
2000
90


45000


8830

18800

9000


1407

2090
Land & building
(-) depreciation@5%
Plan & Machinery
(-) depreciation @10%
Sundry debtors
(-) F.B.D.

(-) N.R.D.D.
Closing stock
Prepaid rent, rates, & tax
Cash at bank
Government bonds
32000
1600
15000
1500
14100
100
14000
700

30400

13500



13300
20500
100
4327
3000

85127

85127